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The idea is that members of the local community collect nets from the environment, which are then turned into products, such as carpet tiles. This river is the longest and the most sacred in India. It is the longest river in India. The endangered Ganges river dolphin and species of threatened freshwater turtle and otter are wildlife “most at risk” from getting tangled up in waste fishing gear adrift in the transboundary Ganges river system, research has said. They are a cadre of about 1000 local community members from Ganga states who are actively involved in conservation. The longest river of Europe is the River Volga. It is the largest river basin in our country covering over one-fourth of its total surface area. High quality Ganga gifts and merchandise. The width of this river can go up to 36 – 37 kilometers at certain points. Ganga river dolphins also have to deal with chronic noise pollution. © 2010-2021. There is emerging evidence demonstrating that ‘ghost gear’ is not only a marine issue but can pollute freshwater habitats too (Spirkovski et al., 2019). Indian softshell turtle is one of the largest turtle found in the Ganges, Indus and Mahanadi rivers of India. 4. This high turn-over rate and disposal method is bad news for the river and its wildlife because most of the gear is made from plastic and does not biodegrade, meaning that it will continue to capture animals for a long time. Three-striped roofed turtle (Batagur dhongoka), Ganges river dolphin (Platanista gangetica gangetica), black-spotted turtle (Geoclemys hamiltonii), northern river terrapin (Batagur baska) and smooth-coated otter (Lutrogale perspicilata) were found to be most vulnerable to entanglement with, and impacts from, waste fishing gear. Fish is an important element in the diet of people in India and particularly in Bangladesh, where religious beliefs restrict the availability of animal protein. In Varanasi, colorful fish are being found from the Ganges these days, which have been named as cat fish of the Amazon River of the continent of South America. They capture Prawn fish sitting on the boat. Most people would say it was a fish (susuk fish),” noted Sinha. In the late 1980s, India's government announced a plan to release specially bred flesh-eating turtles into the Ganges river. Fisheries are a major source of food, leisure and income for humanity and fishers community globally. Nelms underscored that since waste gear is not monitored and can move over large distances, humans don’t necessarily observe how it interacts with wildlife. On average 120,000 cubic metres (about 20 swimming pools' worth) of water flows out of its mouth every second. Also, it is the lifeline to millions of Indians. The endangered Ganges river dolphin and species of threatened freshwater turtle and otter are wildlife “most at risk” from getting tangled up in waste fishing gear adrift in the transboundary Ganges river system, research has said. Female river dolphins grow slightly larger than males. Once your account is created, you'll be logged-in to this account. The river water of Ganga is used for irrigation, transportation and fishing. In a major 2007–2009 study of fish in the Ganges basin (including the river itself and its tributaries, but excluding the Brahmaputra and Meghna basins), a total of 143 fish species were recorded, including 10 non-native introduced species. Essay # 4. This is concerning, researchers say, since the Indian government has plans to expand the Ganga waterway, increasing the number and frequency of the ships that ply the river. The Ganges River supports more than 100 types of fish species, nearly 100 different amphibians, 5 crustaceans and various reptiles and birds. Interviews with fishers revealed that many replace their nets every 1-6 months, and it is common for people to discard their old gear into the river. This very large softshell turtle of India mainly feeds on fish, frogs, crustaceans and molluscs but threatened by hunting and habitat loss hence an endangered species of turtle in India. The extent, and enforcement, of fisheries management restrictions, differ among the various regions of Bangladesh and India and likely influence the temporal trends and spatial patterns of waste fishing gear and types of equipment found, according to the researchers. The river water of Ganga is used for irrigation, transportation and fishing. Image source:dailymail. The aquatic region of India is home to some of the biggest and giant aquatic creatures and the mighty rivers of India are also a good habitat for river monsters. In core of protected areas the rules are enforced but we encourage management officials to also look out for such practices beyond the protected areas. Pollution of the Ganges (or Ganga), the largest river in India, poses significant threats to human health and the larger environment. (adsbygoogle=window.adsbygoogle||[]).push({}); Ganges shark is a critically endangered species found in the River Ganges and the Brahmaputra of India, Its different species of river shark which can be confused with the Ganges and Brahmaputra river bull shark. Nelms adds that plastic pollution in rivers and the ocean does not respect protected area boundaries, so such areas are likely to be exposed to the same levels of waste gear as unprotected sites. Many ecological parameters like dissolved oxygen conductivity indicated that the river health is improving, Kataria said. For instance, the Farakka fish lifts do not seem to have been of any help due to the extremely low outflow of the Ganga River from it, and the commercial extinction of the Hilsa fisheries both upstream and downstream is clear with an estimated 99.9% decline. If Prime Minister Modi sees the Ganga now, he will be able to spot fishes in its waters. Indian biologist Ravindra Kumar Sinha, who has worked extensively on the Gangetic dolphins and was not involved in the research, commended the study for spotlighting the understudied biodiversity threats associated with discarded fishing gear. The Ganges river system (known as the Ganga in India and Padma and Meghna in Bangladesh) has been identified as one of the 14 continental rivers in the world into which over a quarter of global waste is discarded; it is considered the second-largest plastic pollution-contributing catchment in the world (0.12 million tonnes of plastic discharged per year). This giant stingray is a little-known species of stingray family, endemic to the Indian river system found on sandy bottoms in coastal waters. I feel in Bangladesh, we may replicate this idea to empower fishers and the key stakeholders who entirely depend on the rivers of Bangladesh. Despite its cultural and religious importance, the river has rapidly degraded since the 20th century due to human activities. River Ganga is the third largest river in the world by the amount of water that flows through it. The Ganges River, also called Ganga, is a river located in northern India that flows toward the border with Bangladesh ().It is the longest river in India and flows for around 1,569 miles (2,525 km) from the Himalayan Mountains to the Bay of Bengal. Ruchi Badola of Wildlife Institute of India who leads the praharis said the guardians who lead conservation efforts in their communities will contribute to empowering communities to tackle plastic pollution and change behaviours, especially in the management of plastic waste. “The good news is that our study found that over 50 percent of the nets were made from Nylon 6, which is a type of plastic that has high value and can be recycled into many new products. Ganges River is the longest river in India and it provides water to about 40% of India’s population. It flows through Nepal, China, India and Bangladesh. Indian River Dolphin is also known as Ganges River Dolphin or South Asian river dolphin primarily found in the Ganges and Brahmaputra Rivers of Indian Subcontinent. The largest river delta in the world is formed as a result of Ganga falling into the bay of bengal. Geography of River Ganga: Geographically the Ganges, also known as Ganga is the third largest river (2,525 km in length) in the world by discharge. “Waste and active fishing gear impact aquatic wildlife in similar ways, but what we know about them differs quite significantly. Severely polluted with human waste and industrial contaminants, the river provides water to about 40% of India's population across 11 states, serving an estimated population of 500 million people which is more than any other river in the world. The Ganga river system is the largest river system in India. Goonch is a monster catfish and man-sized killer catfish found in the Kali … The Ganga River System . Eight different exotic fish species were recorded in a study on fishes in Ganga river, Rattan Lal Kataria, Minister of State in the Jal Shakti Ministry, said on Thursday. The river is very rich in fish fauna; 102 species of the fish from the Narayani river have been recorded. New Delhi: Lovers of hilsa, the fish considered a big delicacy in most Bengali households, have some good news to look forward to. Kaveri is large South India river flows through Karnataka and Tamil Nadu and emptying into the Bay of Bengal, the river is home to Mugger Crocodile or Indian Marsh Crocodile in Ranganathittu bird sanctuary. Generally, we know more about how entanglement in active gear (called ‘by-catch’) affects species because fishers encounter the animals more frequently while checking their nets, etc.,” study author Sarah Nelms, University of Exeter, Cornwall, told Mongabay-India. The expedition leveraged support of the praharis for the socio-economic and education component of the project. The river Ganges holds deep religious and ritualistic significance for India's million of Hindus. All Rights Reserved by WalkThroughIndia.com. The Gharial is critically endangered and one of the longest of all living crocodilians species native to India and it will go extinct in next 10 year or so. The river is known as Kali Ganga in Uttarakhand and series of fatal attacks on humans have been reported as well as an episode on River Monsters series about the Kali River goonch attacks on the Animal Planet. The largest is the Farraka Barrage, which diverts most of the flow down the Hooghly Canal and has been the source of considerable political disagreement between India and Bangladesh, although a Water Sharing Agreement was reached in 1995. “This has clear welfare implications for the individual animals but may also cause declines in populations of species that are of conservation concern,” observed Nelms. It selected stretches of the river along 25 cities in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West Bengal. The Ganges stingray or Gangetic stingray is a species of stingray in the freshwater rivers of India and one of the largest species of stingray found in India. In 1986, the government had launched the first phase of Ganga Action Plan (GAP-I) to protect the country’s largest river basin. So we have to think of reducing, reusing, and recycling waste plastic fishing gear,” Sinha told Mongabay-India. Bull sharks are apex predators and humans are their biggest threat,bull shark is responsible for biting swimmers around the Indian rivers. It is the third largest river by discharge. It is the longest river in India. Pollution and excessive fishing had meant there were very few fishes left in the Ganga. In 1993, GAP-II was initiated which included the river’s tributaries—the Yamuna, Gomti, Damodar and the Mahanadi. Indian humpback Mahseer is most iconic fresh-water fish found only in the Cauvery Basin of Indian river system and is on the brink of extinction. This could lead us to underestimate the harm it causes, she said. It consists of two rivers namely, the Ganga and Yamuna and their tributaries. Additionally, Spirkovski et al. National Chambal Sanctuary also called as the National Chambal Gharial Wildlife Sanctuary is the only wild home for endangered Gharial. As a UNESCO world heritage, the Sunderbans area of India shelters lots of mangrove forest and animals. Ganges River, Hindi Ganga, great river of the plains of the northern Indian subcontinent. The Ganges River catchment supports some of the world’s largest inland fisheries but no research has yet been conducted to examine the input of debris from this industry. The Ganges, known primarily as Ganga in India, is a river that flows through India and Bangladesh.Formed by the confluence of the rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda, it is the longest river in India.The Ganges has played a tremendous role in the Indian civilization for more than two millennia supporting its population through its water and fertile plains, among other things. The Ganga River is also used for irrigation, fishing, and bathing. Parties to the Convention on Migratory Species (CMS) adopted Decisions 13.122 – 13.125 and called for further research on this issue at COP13 of the Convention on Migratory Species, held in earlier this year in India, according to the CMS. The habitats are contiguous and the wildlife doesn’t have boundaries,” said Singh. “This reduces plastic pollution in the environment and provides a source of income for fishers and their communities,” said Nelms. Fishery Science and Aquaculture ALIGARH MUSLIM UNIVERSITY 2. The Bull Shark is commonly found species of Shark also lives in fresh water of the Brahmaputra and Ganges rivers of West Bengal and Assam in eastern India. It consists of two rivers namely, the Ganga and Yamuna and their tributaries. [3] It flows primarily in a southerly direction through Russia into the Caspian Sea. Lungfish. Why do Hindus bath in the river Ganga (or the Ganges)? A recent study found that increased ship traffic and dredging are stressing the dolphins and changing how they communicate. “The studies carried out under the project revealed a total of 190 New Delhi, Sep 17 (PTI) Eight different exotic fish species were recorded in a study on fishes in Ganga river, Rattan Lal Kataria, Minister of State in the Jal Shakti Ministry, said on Thursday. Ganga is the largest river (2074 km) in India which stretches from Gangotri Glacier of Western Himalayas in Uttarkhand and flows south and east through the Gangetic Plain of India & Bangladesh, and eventually empties into the Bay of Bengal. Background The Ganges Basin, one of the largest river basins in the world, drains an area of approximately 814,400 km2, spans three countries, and also has one of the largest human population densities. The total combined length of the Gangetic river system is 12,500 km. Gawsia Wahidunnessa Chowdhury of Department of Zoology, University of Dhaka, study co-author and member of the Sea to Source expedition, said some areas directly or indirectly get conservation attention through different steps such as ban on fishing and angling. New Delhi: Lovers of hilsa, the fish considered a big delicacy in most Bengali households, have some good news to look forward to. 6 million tons of fertilizers and 9,000 tonnes of pesticides are used in agriculture within the basin. Freshwater Fish Species in Ganges River [Indian subcontinent] The tables below were generated from Fishbase.org - A project to provide indexing and links for all known species as the baseline dataset for studies of global biodiversity. The largest river delta in the world is formed as a result of Ganga falling into the bay of bengal. Major carps and the Clupeid fish, Hilsa (Tenualosa ilisha) and some large catfishes form the most valued catches across most parts of the Gangetic floodplains. The purpose of the exercise was to study fish and fisheries of river Ganga, assess the key habitat variables in relation to fish distribution and various biological activity of the fishes, seed production (in-situ) of selected fish species, fish ranching in the depleted river stretches and to conduct awareness programme on sustainable fisheries and conservation to local fishermen. This system alone harbours not less than 265 species of fish. Goonch is a monster catfish and man-sized killer catfish found in the Kali River in India and really a River Monsters of Indian Subcontinent. The 2,525 km-long Ganga binds five Indian states along its main stem and 11 in her entire basin that is home to 625 million people. “Raising awareness among the people to reduce plastic pollution (that mainly originate from the mismanaged plastic wastes) is essential. We also feel like more collaborative solution-oriented research works between Bangladesh and India should be designed and implemented as both countries are connected with the aquatic system,” signed-off Chowdhury. Singh also stressed that forest management/enforcement needs to go beyond the protected stretches in riverine systems. Ganges is a nature documentary series for television on the natural history of the River Ganges in India and Bangladesh.As well as the variety of animals and habitats that are to be found along the river’s 2,510 km (1,557 mi) reach, the programmes also feature the cultures, traditions and religions of the very large human population that it supports. The Ganges River contains the Ganges River dolphin, a small mammal cetacean, or marine mammal, resembling the Indus River dolphin. It is often confused with the more common bull shark ( Carcharhinus leucas ), which also inhabits the Ganges River and is sometimes incorrectly referred to as the Ganges shark. In a major 2007–2009 study of fish in the Ganges basin (including the river itself and its tributaries, but excluding the Brahmaputra and Meghna basins), a total of 143 fish species were recorded, including 10 non-native introduced species. The Ganges is the most sacred river to Hindus. Concerned over the dwindling numbers of the fish in Ganga, the government-run National Mission for Clean Ganga (NMCG) has embarked on an ambitious, technology-aided project to help conserve and increase the natural stock of hilsa in the river. It is one among the largest river systems in the world. Shailendra Singh, Director of Turtle Survival Alliance, India, adds that the easy availability of nylon gill nets also adds to the complexity of the challenge. Inspired designs on t-shirts, posters, stickers, home decor, and more by independent artists and designers from around the world. Ganges River. The project is called Net-Works and has proved so successful in reducing waste gear in coastal areas in the Philippines and Cameroon that it has now spun out into the new social enterprise Coast-4C. Ravindra Kumar Sinha adds that government policies such as the National Mission for Clean Ganga do seek to reduce plastic pollution in rivers but their execution needs to be strengthened on the ground which shows the need for improved awareness of the significance of biodiversity around river systems and how their conservation is connected to human well-being. Mongabay-India is a conservation and environment news and features service that aims to bring high quality, original reports from nature’s frontline in India. The waters then flow through the delta region to the Bay of Bengal via innumerable channels, the largest of which is known as the Meghna estuary. The Ganges shark (Glyphis gangeticus) is a critically endangered species of requiem shark found in the Ganges River (Padma River) and the Brahmaputra River of Bangladesh and India. The Kali river goonch catfish is the biggest catfish caught and known for attacks on humans. Recently, on Ganga River Dolphin Day on October 5, many threats the animal faces were highlighted. It is worshipped as the Goddess Ganga in Hinduism. Most of the time the fisher community is not interested in catching animals; the fish catch matters,” Singh, who was not associated with the study, told Mongabay-India. When you login first time using a Social Login button, we collect your account public profile information shared by Social Login provider, based on your privacy settings. The total combined length of the Gangetic river system is 12,500 km. The Ganges River catchment supports some of the world’s largest inland fisheries but no research has yet been conducted to examine the input of debris from this industry. The everyday number would be in lakhs. “Earlier, the fisher community used handspun cotton nets that could be torn off by the animal if they got entangled in it. People are catching fish at Ganga River at Kolkata. The Ganga river basin is one of the largest inland river basin of India, draining a catchment of 0.86 million km 2 and supporting 43% of India’s population. It is the most sacred river to Hindus. Apart from giving drinking water and irrigating fields, the River Ganga is vital to India’s Hindu population for religious reasons as well. Humpback Mahseer is one of the highly esteemed food fish and one of the largest fresh water river fish in India. Red-bellied piranha is one of the most dreaded fish species in the world,has found its way into the Godavari river in Andhra Pradesh. The biggest among them is the ‘current jaal’ or an extremely dense fishing net. This river is now threatened by severe pollution. By highlighting the most at-risk species, focused interventions, such as monitoring programs, can be developed to better understand the impacts and potential solutions, the authors emphasise. All links below take you to pages on the fishbase.org site. The river Ganges is the largest river in India and the fifth longest in the world. Big size prawn fish are on this ganga ghat. Current work was assumed to study the fish catch from the Ganga river at Allahabad during the period July 2015 to June 2016. But climate change is endangering the holy river, reports Jasvinder Sehgal. The confluence of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers at Devprayag in India. It is produced by the confluence (संगम) of Bhagirathi and Alaknanda Rivers at Devprayag in India. It is likely due to the high prevalence of fishing activity at these sites combined with the downstream accumulation of waste gear from further up the river. Photo by Heather Koldeway. This invasive fish species from Godavari River is indeed a river monster of Indian rivers and ranked as one of the world’s most deadliest fish. The biggest river in the world, measured by the amount of water that flows down it, is the Amazon. The study comes amid an increasing awareness on understanding what impacts plastic is having on species living in and around rivers. However, the presence of sensitive species and habitats in protected areas may mean that protected areas are more vulnerable. It flows through the nations of India and Bangladesh. The Ganges, known primarily as Ganga in India, is a river that flows through India and Bangladesh.Formed by the confluence of the rivers Bhagirathi and Alaknanda, it is the longest river in India.The Ganges has played a tremendous role in the Indian civilization for more than two millennia supporting its population through its water and fertile plains, among other things. The expedition researchers recorded the abundance, distribution and characteristics of waste fishing gear such as nets, ropes, string, floats and line along the river, complementing their surveys by speaking to fishers to understand the behavioural drivers that lead to waste fishing gear entering the environment. The Auspicious Ganga • The river Ganga originates in the Garhwal Himalayas (30° 55' N; 70° 7' E) at an elevation of 4100 m above mean sea level from Gangotri glacier in the western Himalayas in the Uttrakhand state of India. The Gangetic plain formed by river Ganga is one of the most fertile lands on earth. They are easily available at the ghats of river Ganga, which people use and throw in the river. These nets are particularly detrimental to fauna in a linear system such as riverine areas. We are currently looking into setting up a net recycling project, particularly at the sites where this discarding behaviour is prevalent,” said Nelms. They found higher levels of waste fishing gear in sampling sites near the sea: likely due to the high prevalence of fishing activity at these sites combined with the downstream accumulation of waste gear from further up the river. Ganga – Its Importance: No other river affects the lives of so many people in so many states of India as the Ganga. Severely polluted with human waste and industrial contaminants, the river provides water to about 40% of India's population across 11 states, serving an estimated population of 500 million people which is more than any other river in the world. Many low dams and barrages put across river warrant fish migration. But with the introduction of sturdier plastic nets, animals can’t wriggle free. The Gangetic plain formed by river Ganga is one of the most fertile lands on earth. The Ganges Delta (also known as the Sundarbans Delta or the Bengal Delta) is a river delta in the Bengal region of the Indian subcontinent, consisting of Bangladesh and the Indian state of West Bengal.It is the world's largest river delta and it empties into the Bay of Bengal with the combined waters of several river systems, mainly those of the Brahmaputra river and the Ganges river. Is 97.6 million ha ( 9.71 lakh km 2 ) 15 protected areas along the river. We always tell management and enforcement officials to look out for gill nets coastal waters a system! Community knows the river Ganges is the largest fishing populations in India and Bangladesh longest. Along 25 cities in Uttar Pradesh, Bihar and West bengal from the! Of eastern and northeastern India Allahabad during the period July 2015 to June 2016 is working or.! 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